lunes, 24 de mayo de 2010






Special features

Hunting and gathering societies

In the past.

They dedicated to hunting and gathering, they had animals and plants.

To survive, early human societies completely depended upon their immediate environment.

Pastoral societies

Emerged 12,000 years ago and still exist today.

Domesticating animals.

Pastoral societies are able to produce a surplus of goods, which makes storing food for future use a possibility.

Horticultural societies

First appeared in the same time of pastoral societies.

Cultivating fruits, vegetables and plants.

Horticultural societies occasionally produced a surplus, which permitted storage as well as the emergence of other professions not related to the survival of the society.

Agricultural societies

8,500 years ago.

Use technical advances to cultivate crops over a large area and raising farm animals.

The nobility organized warriors to protect the society from invasion. In this way, the nobility managed to extract goods from the “lesser” persons of society.

Feudal societies

From the 9th to 15th centuries.

Cultivate their lord's land and the lords exploited the peasants into providing food, crops, crafts, homage, and other services to the owner of the land.

Between the 14th and 16th centuries, a new economic system emerged that began to replace feudalism (Capitalism).

Industrial societies

18th century.

Are based on using machines

The Industrial Revolution also saw to the development of bureaucratic forms of organization.

Postindustrial societies


The world is witnessing a technological revolution.

That is, rather than being driven by the factory production of goods, society is being shaped by the human mind, aided by computer technology.

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