jueves, 17 de junio de 2010

Martin Luther and the German Reformation and The Counter-Reformation

Martin Luther and the German Reformation
1. (a) Describe the event that is taking place in the source
shown on the right.

(b)Mention one immediate consequence of this event.

1. Explain the following terms:
(a)justification by faith:
La salvación del verdadero creyente es tan segura que Dios la ve como que ya esta hecha.
(b)indulgences:La indulgencia es la remisión ante Dios de la pena temporal por los pecados, ya perdonados en cuanto a la culpa, que un fiel dispuesto y cumpliendo determinadas condiciones consigue por mediación de la Iglesia, la cual, como administradora de la redención, distribuye y aplica con autoridad el tesoro de las satisfacciones de Cristo y de los santos.
(c)Papal bull:
(d)excommunicated: ______________________________________
(e) heretic: ______________________________________________
(f) clerical celibacy: ________________________________________

2. Write briefly four important landmarks in the life of Martin Luther.


1. Why was the Council of Trent summoned? __________________________________


2. Identify three conclusions reached at this Council.

(a) ____________________________________________________________________

(b) ____________________________________________________________________

(c) ____________________________________________________________________

3. Name five countries in Europe where the Counter-Reformation was successful and one country

where it was not.

(a) Successful in: __________________________________________________________

(b) Unsuccessful in: ________________________________________________________

El Barroco

domingo, 13 de junio de 2010

mapas de los cinco continentes

The Benavente Plan

Homework: On the plan locate:

The historical centre: The churches of Sta. Maria, San Juan del Mercado and the Solita`s house.

The business district and the industrial areas : The avenue of The Ferial.

The main residencial areas, and the main streets: La mota, La Rúa and the square of the Madera, Los Herreros and the street of maragatos.

What kind of City layout are there?, Only one?
The city has a form of triangle.

site features

The Gipsies

Where did the gipsy people come from? The gipsy people come from of India.
How many gypsies are there in the world?
How many gipsies are there in Spain? Between 500,000 and 700,000.
What language do they speak in Spain? Linguistic heritage.
What do you think the gipsies are excluded from the society? Because come from to India and they had others customs of Spanish people.
Are social integrartion programmes necesary? why?, why not? Yes. Because the Gipsies weren´t integrate in the society, they didn´t have the same rights of the other people, for the motive of be foreigners.

lunes, 24 de mayo de 2010






Special features

Hunting and gathering societies

In the past.

They dedicated to hunting and gathering, they had animals and plants.

To survive, early human societies completely depended upon their immediate environment.

Pastoral societies

Emerged 12,000 years ago and still exist today.

Domesticating animals.

Pastoral societies are able to produce a surplus of goods, which makes storing food for future use a possibility.

Horticultural societies

First appeared in the same time of pastoral societies.

Cultivating fruits, vegetables and plants.

Horticultural societies occasionally produced a surplus, which permitted storage as well as the emergence of other professions not related to the survival of the society.

Agricultural societies

8,500 years ago.

Use technical advances to cultivate crops over a large area and raising farm animals.

The nobility organized warriors to protect the society from invasion. In this way, the nobility managed to extract goods from the “lesser” persons of society.

Feudal societies

From the 9th to 15th centuries.

Cultivate their lord's land and the lords exploited the peasants into providing food, crops, crafts, homage, and other services to the owner of the land.

Between the 14th and 16th centuries, a new economic system emerged that began to replace feudalism (Capitalism).

Industrial societies

18th century.

Are based on using machines

The Industrial Revolution also saw to the development of bureaucratic forms of organization.

Postindustrial societies


The world is witnessing a technological revolution.

That is, rather than being driven by the factory production of goods, society is being shaped by the human mind, aided by computer technology.